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A Babys First Step in Life
A Newborn Screening Guide for Parents
Why does my baby need newborn screening?
Most babies born in the United States are healthy, but there are some babies who may seem fine at birth that have a serious unseen disorder. If detected early, some of the problems, such as illness, mental retardation, poor growth or death can be prevented.
How will you test my baby?
After your baby is at least 24 hours old, a nurse from the hospital will collect a small sample of blood from your baby’s heel. If your baby goes home from the hospital sooner than 24 hours of age, or is born at home, you should make an appointment with your child’s doctor to make sure the test is done at the proper time. This screening is most accurate soon after your baby is born, so if your baby is born at home, it is important to make arrangements to have this done before your baby’s birth, or as soon as possible after your baby’s birth.
What disorders are included with newborn screening?
The Illinois newborn screening panel currently includes specific endocrine and metabolic disorders, as well as certain blood disorders. The disorders included in the panel are:
· Biotinidase Deficiency
· Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
· Sickle Cell Disease
· Amino Acid/Urea Cycle Disorders
· Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders
· Organic Acid Disorders
· Cystic Fibrosis
More information about each of the diseases or disorders included in the screening panel can be found on the fact sheets provided on the website.
Where do I get my babys screening results?
Results of the screening are sent to the hospital or clinic where the sample was collected. Ask your doctor any questions you may have concerning the results or the newborn screening process.
What if my baby needs a retest?
If your child’s initial screening was unclear or abnormal the newborn screening may need to be repeated. If necessary, it is important to make sure that this test is repeated as soon as possible. Your baby’s doctor will talk with you about what steps need to be taken.
Illinois Department of Public Health